No.3–Reset your BIOS
No.5–Test RAM memory
Once A disk read error occurred pops up on your Windows 10, shut down your computer. And cool down for a few hours like 5-8hrs to give it a rest. Then turn on your computer to see if you can access Windows 10 correctly.
Shut down your PC meanwhile pressing Shift key.
Press power button to restart your computer and at once start tapping F12 till BIOS screen pops up.
Note: The key to enter BIOS usually is F12, but also could be F1, F10, Del, etc. Just look carefully on the screen while computer starts.
Under Exit pane of BIOS screen, use arrow key ↓ to choose Load Setup Defaults to reset your BIOS.
Then click YES when asked to confirm the setup.
NOTE: For different computer, the option to reset BIOS could also be Load Fail-Safe Defaults, Apply Default, Load BIOS Defaults, Load Default Settings, Load Setup Default, Factory settings, etc.
Use arrow key ↑ & ↓ to choose Exit Saving Changes to exit BIOS.
Restart your computer to check if you can boot into your Windows 10 now.
RAM(Random Access Memory) problem brings about various issues. As the RAM memory test is easy and non-destructive, you may as well do a complete test for RAM memory to fix disk error.
Case 1. If you added new RAM memory to computer recently, try to remove it and leave only one RAM. Then restart computer to check if the error still occur.
Case 2. Leave one RAM module on one slot and restart computer. If disk read error still occurs, move the RAM to the other slot and start computer again.
If unluckily A disk read error occurred still exists after you tried all the ways above, you can try to do a clean install of Windows 10.